The International Alliance of Museums of the Silk Road (IAMS) was founded on May 18, 2017. It is a non-governmental, non-profit and open international cooperation mechanism and communication platform in the field of museums for countries and regions along the Silk Road.

By February 2021, the Alliance has 163 member units, including 53 international organizations and 110 Chinese organizations. The IAMS is committed to actively exploring thematic exhibitions, information sharing, joint research, professional exchanges and personnel training in the field of cultural heritage in countries and regions along the Silk Road, promoting international cooperation among museums in countries and regions along the Silk Road, and strengthening contact and cooperation with international institutions and organizations related to these museums. It is also dedicated to improving the society's attention to and participation in cross-cultural exchanges and cooperation, thus forging a bond of friendship for all people on the Silk Road.

The IAMS Executive Council consists of the President, the Secretary General and Vice Presidents. The National Museum of China is the President unit. The eight Vice-President units are Chinese Museums Association, China National Silk Museum, Fujian Museum, Xi'an Tang West Market Museum, National Museum of Myanmar (Yangon), National Museum of the Republic of Kazakhstan, National Museum of History of Azerbaijan and National Museum in Belgrade, Serbia. The Secretariat is based at the National Museum of China.

Wang Chunfa

President
Director of National Museum of China  

Li Jinguang

Vice President
Secretary General of Chinese Museums Association

Zhao Feng

Vice President
Director of China National Silk Museum

Wu Zhiyue

Vice President
Director of Fujian Museum

Wang Bin

Vice President
Director of Xi'an Tang West Market Museum

Nang Lao Ngin

Vice President
Director of National Museum of Myanmar (Yangon)

Arystanbek Mukhamediuly

Vice President
Director of National Museum of the Republic of Kazakhstan

Naila Valikhanova

Vice President
Director of National Museum of History of Azerbaijan

Bojana Borić Brešković

Vice President
Director of National Museum in Belgrade, Serbia

Ding Pengbo

Secretary General
Deputy Director of National Museum of China